It is designed to ensure only what China describes as 'patriots' take their seats in Hong Kong's parliament.
Voters in Hong Kong have cast their ballots in the first election since a national security law was imposed by China last year.
Leaders in Beijing insist, like the security legislation, changes to the election system are needed to ensure stability following mass protests.
Demonstrators marched in their millions to condemn the erosion of democracy, which was guaranteed in the 1997 handover from British rule.
So, will be the election herald a new era?
Or is a recipe for yet more turmoil?
Presenter: Hashem Ahelbarra
Nathan Law, Former politician in Hong Kong and Pro-democracy Activist
Tom Grundy, Editor in Chief of Hong Kong Free Press
Any Mok, Senior Research Fellow at the Center for China and Globalization think tank
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