Financial Markets (ECON 252)
Central Banks, originally created as bankers' banks, implement monetary policy using their leverage over the supply of money and credit standards. Since the Bank of England was founded in 1694, through the gold standard which lasted until the 1930s, and into modern times, central banks have pursued monetary policy to stabilize the banking system. Central banks monitor currency flows and inflation, acting when crises, such as bank runs, emerged. More recently, central banks have taken an increasingly expansive role in stabilizing economic fluctuations. In the yet to be confirmed current recession, the Federal Reserve has used open market operations and innovative financial arrangements to try to forestall the recession and bail out failing financial institutions.
00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Thoughts on Icahn's Talk
04:49 - Chapter 2. The Gold Standard and the Earliest Central Bank
15:11 - Chapter 3. The Rise of the U.S. Federal Reserve System
25:30 - Chapter 4. The Abandonment of the Gold Standard and Adoption of Central Bank Autonomy
36:30 - Chapter 5. The Federal Funds Rate and Discount Rate
45:00 - Chapter 6. The Fed's Innovations against U.S. and Global Stagflation
01:00:47 - Chapter 7. A Trace though Recent Recessions and Conclusion
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses
This course was recorded in Spring 2008.